who invented pool game

who invented pool game

The Invention of Pool

Much of the history of pool, or pocket billiards, has sadly been lost to time. Despite this, there are some possible explanations that point to its creation. So who invented pool? Let’s take a closer look.

King Louis XI

King Louis XI of France has been credited as the inventor of the game. It is said that the king was the first one to use chalked stick and a billiard cloth on a small table top to create rudimentary version of the game. However, this originated as early as 1470, long before the rules and regulations of modern pool were established in the nineteenth century.

The Impact of British Colonization

The game of pool we know and love today came about as a result of British influence in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. British colonists introduced the game to America and, in the process, changed the look and feel of the game forever. After this, the game spread rapidly throughout Europe and the rest of the world.

The Growth of Pool in the U.S.

Pool quickly grew in popularity, particularly in the United States. In 1877, the first U.S. national tournament was held in New York City. From then on, pool flourished in America, with countless local and regional tournaments, and American professional pool players getting fame and recognition worldwide.

The Evolution of Pool

While pool’s exact origin may remain a mystery, the game has undergone many refinements throughout its history. From the technology of the cue sticks to the rules of the game, pool has changed and evolved since its inception. Today, pool is enjoyed by millions of people around the world.


The invention of pool is surrounded in mystery, but the impact of its development is clear. Thanks to the work of many figures throughout history, the game of pool has evolved into the beloved pastime it is today.



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